Defenition of radiocarbon dating
So food treated with this radiation have a longer shelf life.
Surgical instruments and syringes are also treated with gamma rays, in order, to prevent infections been transferred from patient to patient.
Given relatively pristine circumstances, a radiocarbon lab can measure the amount of radiocarbon accurately in a dead organism for as long as 50,000 years ago; after that, there's not enough C14 left to measure. Carbon in the atmosphere fluctuates with the strength of earth's magnetic field and solar activity.
You have to know what the atmospheric carbon level (the radiocarbon 'reservoir') was like at the time of an organism's death, in order to be able to calculate how much time has passed since the organism died.
Beginning in the 1990s, a coalition of researchers led by Paula J.
Reimer of the CHRONO Centre for Climate, the Environment and Chronology, at Queen's University Belfast, began building an extensive dataset and calibration tool that they first called CALIB.
If radiation collides with molecules in the air or in your body, it throws out of them electrons.
By throwing out electrons you produce charged particles called ions. We are surrounded by background radiation all of the time!
Gamma rays are capable of passing deep inside the body and damage cells on their travels. The idea is to aim accurately at these cells with the correct strength.So, in other words, we have a pretty solid way to calibrate raw radiocarbon dates for the most recent 12,594 years of our planet's past.But before that, only fragmentary data is available, making it very difficult to definitively date anything older than 13,000 years.All living things exchange the gas Carbon 14 (C14) with the atmosphere around them—animals and plants exchange Carbon 14 with the atmosphere, fish and corals exchange carbon with dissolved C14 in the water.Throughout the life of an animal or plant, the amount of C14 is perfectly balanced with that of its surroundings. The C14 in a dead organism slowly decays at a known rate: its "half life".
What you need is a ruler, a reliable map to the reservoir: in other words, an organic set of objects that you can securely pin a date on, measure its C14 content and thus establish the baseline reservoir in a given year.